Pucar M., Nenković-Riznić M.(2011): „Renewable energy in spatial and urban planning in Serbia“ MACDES 2011, Procedeeings form International confrerence, Cuba, Havana, 2011
Energy, environmental and economic crises have resulted in the acceptance of the concept of limited resources and environmental capacities both on the global and local level. The strategies and plans adopted in recent the years in Serbia have increasingly represented the sustainable development concept, which is a prerequisite for solving problems that have an influence on the environment and climate change. Investing in renewable energy sources (RES) is still not an area that has received a significant place in the spatial economic and energy development of Serbia. The main reasons for this are, primarily, still relatively cheap electricity, lack of information (both among professionals and the public) about the benefits of using renewable energy sources; lack of technical and technological knowledge, lack of economic and ecological indicators of factors that could affect their wider application etc. Serbia is a large energy importer, so it will have to give more attention to the rational use of energy and implementation of renewable energy sources in the future. However, Serbia has good potentials for producing energy from renewable sources. The energy potential of these renewable energy sources (RES) in Serbia is over 3 Mtoe per year. Serbia is also planning incentives (feed-in-tariff) for their use in the production of heat and electricity. The current position of RES can be viewed from the place that has the strategic, legal, revenue documents and acts, as well as spatial and urban plans. In The Spatial Plan for the Republic of Serbia, as the most important Serbian document for spatial development, the RES received an important place. The study included spatial aspects of other energy sources and their potential on the whole national territory. Plans of lower order (urban, regional) are about to create the conditions that allow the application of renewable energy.
Keywords: climate change, renewable energy, Serbia, spatial planning, urban planning